William Groth, an Indiana attorney, wrote me:
You may know or recall that in March of this year the Indiana Supreme Court drew 25 new districts for the Indianapolis City County Council without regard to incumbency, race or political considerations, nothwithstanding Republican claims that the court's map violated Section 2 of the VRA. See Borst v. Peterson, 786 N.E.2d 668, reh'g denied 789 N.E.2d 460 (Ind. 2003). In the "for what it's worth department", it appears from the elections last evening that Democrats have captured 15 or 16 of the 29 seats on the Council (there are 4 at-larges elected countywide). Subject to one potential recount, the voters elected 6 African-American candidates from the 25 districts (5 Ds, 1 R). All 4 Democratic Party at-large candidates won, 3 of whom are African-American. The County's black population is roughly 24%. This experiment with racially and politically neutral redistricting seems to suggest that majority-minority districts are not needed, at least here in Indianapolis, to elect a proportional number of candidates of choice, and in fact deliberately creating them, as the Republican Council majority wanted to do, would arguably have impaired the ability to elect minority candidates having a realistic opportunity to serve as members of the political majority.