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How does Mississippi have a runoff election faster than Alabama?

Note: Alabama and Mississippi held their primaries on the same day, 3 June. Mississippi will hold its runoff on 24 June, but Alabama has to wait till 15 July. Why the difference? Short answer: UOCAVA.

The Mississippi Business Journal reports: The Secretary of State's Office has been notified by the U.S. Department of Justice that current state law conflicts with federal military and overseas voting laws.

Recent changes to the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) require states to send absentee ballots to military and overseas voters who request them at least 45 days before an election for federal office. State law provides only 21 days between a primary election and a primary run-off election. ...

"Rather than be sued by the federal government for failing to comply with federal law, the State Board of Election Commissioners have decided to provide military voters with both their primary and primary run-off ballot when electronically transmitting overseas absentee ballots," said Secretary of State Delbert Hosemann. "Mississippi is a leading state in allowing electronic voting for the military, and I intend to keep it that way."

Military and overseas voters will rank the candidates of their choice for the primary run-off ballot, in a so-called "ranked choice" ballot. When the primary run-off ballot is returned to the Circuit Clerk's Office with the primary election ballot, it will be placed in a separate absentee ballot envelope in the event there is a primary run-off election. -- Justice: State's military, overseas voting law conflicts with UOCAVA Mississippi Business Journal

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